在偶然的情况下看见一份关于尊严疗法 (dignity therapy) 的研究报告~
Dignity Therapy: A Novel Psychotherapeutic Intervention for Patients Near the End of Life
这个 dignity therapy 确实是有效的~
“91% of participants reported being satisfied with dignity therapy;
76% reported heightened sense of dignity;
68% reported an increase sense of purpose;
67% reported a heightened sense of meaning;
47% reported an increase will to live;
and 81% reported it had been or would help their family.
Protocol 里的 standard questions 如下（就不翻译了）：
1. Tell me a little about your life history; particularly the parts that you either remember most or think are the most important? When did you feel most alive?
2. Are there specific things that you would want your family to know about you, and are there particular things you would want them to remember?
3. What are the most important roles you have played in life (family roles, vocational roles, community-service roles, etc)? Why were they so important to you, and what do you think you accomplished in those roles?
4. What are your most important accomplishments, and what do you feel most proud of?
Are there particular things that you feel still need to be said to your loved ones or things that you would want to take the time to say once again?
5. What are your hopes and dreams for your loved ones?
6. What have you learned about life that you would want to pass along to others?
7. What advice or words of guidance would you wish to pass along to your (son, daughter, husband, wife, parents, other[s])?
8. Are there words or perhaps even instructions that you would like to offer your family to help prepare them for the future?
9. In creating this permanent record, are there other things that you would like included?
该研究的主要研究人 Dr. Chochinov 还说了一句很对的话~
“The stories we tell about ourselves at the end of our lives are often very different from the stories that we tell about ourselves at other points of life.”
“When you face death, it’s like facing a wall, and it forces you to turn around and look at the life that you’ve lived”
“the task of dying, is to relieve ourselves of this guilt, whether it’s forgiving yourself or asking others to forgive you, or to remember your life slightly differently.”